Discussion:The Problem Of Social Order

Discussion:The Problem Of Social Order

Discussion:The Problem Of Social Order


STEP 1. Select a THEORY OF CRIMINOLOGY for your essay
o This should be one of the criminological theories we have looked at in this unit

(e.g. Classical / Positivism / Strain / Labelling Marxism / Critical Criminology / Rational Choice etc.)

IMPORTANT NOTE: You cannot select ‘social contract’ theory OR the same theory you studied for your group project as the topic for your essay. Make sure you pick one of the topics that are listed as chapters in the White, Haines and Asquith book. DONT USE SURVEILLANCE THEORY.

• STEP 2. Write an essay plan. Guidance on how to write an essay plan can be found in the MAJOR ESSAY FAQs.

PLANNING FEEDBACK: (internal students) Bring your essay plan to the essay writing workshop for discussion and feedback. (external students) contact the unit convenor by email for feedback on your essay plan

• STEP 3. Write up your essay.


The following are very important topics that must be addressed:

Offer a clear and concise definition of institutions and organisations, as explored in key readings from week 1 & 2, in the weekly lectures and student activities.
Make sure that you identify:
Key institutions that were influential at that time
Key organisations that were influential at that time
A good essay will also demonstrate critical thinking through analysis, for example:
Show how the theory being discussed empowered institutional change

Show how the key organisations opened or limited access to privileges
Discuss how access to privilege affected either the understanding of social order or the
mechanisms and techniques of social control at that time
How the emergence of a new criminological theory at that time influenced, reinforced or
challenged the dominant social order of the day
REMEMBER that this essay question is an application of the institutions and organisations matrix that we used throughout the term to focus our discussions. In your essay you should focus on the time period appropriate to the emergence of the theory being discussed.

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes. Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages. Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor. The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.