Health Care Problem Analysis

Capella University Current Health Care Problem or Issue Analysis

Health Care Problem Analysis

Health Care Problem Analysis

Question Description
Help me study for my Management class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

Prepare a health care problem analysis proposal in outline format (3-10 pages) on a current, relevant health care problem. Include the rationale for selecting the problem, a description of the how the problem is assessed and measured for quality improvement purposes, a proposed industry measure of performance, action steps for completing the project, and a description of the applicable leadership competencies.

Effective health care leaders simultaneously maintain internal organizational and external industry environmental awareness. Leaders are challenged to focus on vision, mission, strategic direction, goals, and objectives while remaining mindful of emerging trends that may affect an organization’s viability. Monitoring the external environment for issues that may represent major challenges to an organization requires ongoing diligence. Health care administrators must identify and prioritize issues affecting their organizations. Furthermore, leaders must select methods and tools with which to analyze data for identification of potential solutions.

In this first assessment in your capstone course, you will have an opportunity to select a health care problem that is relevant to your career interests and one that adds value to a current or future health care organization. By the end of the course, you will be drawing from current scholarly and/or authoritative sources to provide evidence-based recommendations to solve the problem.

DEMONSTRATION OF PROFICIENCY
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

Competency 1: Evaluate problems in health care organizations, and apply tools to improve quality and outcomes.
Describe, using an authoritative source, how the selected health care problem is assessed and measured for quality improvement purposes.
Describe how five American College of Healthcare Executives (ACHE) leadership competencies apply to the selected capstone project topic.
Competency 2: Analyze foundational elements of the U.S. health care system.
Identify a relevant problem along with the rationale for selecting the problem.
Competency 4: Analyze records and reports based on established benchmarks and organizational goals and performance.
Propose an industry measure of performance, such as a benchmark, which pertains to the type of organization selected for problem analysis.
Competency 5: Create comprehensive and useable data-driven actions plans, based on industry benchmarks.
Provide a bulleted list of the preliminary action plan steps to review the problem and propose solutions.
Competency 6: Communicate effectively with diverse audiences, in an appropriate form and style, consistent with applicable organizational, professional, and scholarly standards.
Create a clear, well organized, professional, and generally error-free outline that describes a relevant health care problem.
PREPARATION
To successfully complete this first assessment in your capstone course, you will need to conduct independent research on current, relevant problems facing the U.S. health care system. The problem you select needs to meet all of the following criteria:

The selected health care problem is likely to affect your current or desired future workplace, such as a hospital, home health care agency, hospice, ambulatory clinic, et cetera.
Authoritative and scholarly health care literature addresses the problem of interest.
Data is available for the selected problem.
The current state can be articulated by describing major factors and the way in which these factors are measured. For example, the selected problem can be analyzed by examining such data as average length of stay (in days) and cost (dollars).
You may begin your research on current, relevant problems facing the health care industry by studying your suggested resources for this assessment. In addition, you may want to consult the Health Care Administration Undergraduate Library Research Guide to help you begin your search for scholarly and authoritative sources on significant, contemporary problems in the health care industry.

Please ensure that the problem is relevant and of sufficient interest to your career goals since all future course work is built upon the stated problem.

INSTRUCTIONS
For this assessment, you will construct a capstone health care problem analysis proposal on your selected topic. You may wish to envision your current or future workplace as the potential site for presentation of the proposal. After your proposal is constructed, you will receive feedback from your faculty member. Later in the course, in a separate assessment, you will receive feedback from a practicing professional about the proposed approach to analyze data relating to the problem.

The requirement for this assessment is to produce a proposal that has clear section headings and contains a flow of logic. You may opt to use an outline format. Please avoid lengthy narrative paragraphs, as the proposal is intended to be presented in an imaginary workplace. Busy executives will not have time to read paragraphs word for word. Instead, expect that your audience will read the document by scanning. Your goal is to provide succinct yet substantive information with sufficient depth to cover your selected problem. Remember to include a cover page, table of contents, section headings, and reference list. The length of the proposal is based upon the breadth and depth of your selected topic.

The following general steps in construction of your proposal contain additional specific information requirements.

Step 1: Identify a relevant problem along with the associated rationale for the selection of the problem. Be sure to substantiate content with an authoritative source.
State the problem in a single sentence, tell why it is a problem, and add a citation from a current, authoritative source. For example: Condition X if not addressed may result in Consequence Y (source, year).
Step 2: Describe, using an authoritative source, how the selected health care problem is assessed and measured for quality improvement purposes. Include relevant factors and associated units of measurement.
Select six current authoritative sources that apply to your selected problem. You may consider your problem from an industry, organization, or specific professional level. Be sure to include any industry standards, legal, and ethical considerations that relate to your problem.
Summarize each of the six sources in a succinct sentence or two. Explain how each source directly relates to the problem. Be sure to add an APA formatted citation for each.
Step 3: Propose an industry measure of performance, such as a benchmark, which pertains to the type of organization selected for problem analysis.
State the major factors or performance indicators that directly relate to your problem.
Assign a unit of measurement to each factor (days, dollars, percentage, et cetera.)
Identify the authoritative source(s) used to determine the major factors you selected that relate to the problem.
Identify which industry assessment tool or framework you will use to analyze the problem.
Step 4: Provide a bulleted list of the preliminary action plan steps to complete the capstone health care problem analysis project. Examples include: conduct library search, formulate problem statement, identify factors and units of measure, and so on.
Step 5: Describe one competency from each of the five American College of Healthcare Executives’ (ACHE) domains that relate to your capstone health care problem analysis proposal.
Review the ACHE competency model:
Healthcare Leadership Alliance and the American College of Healthcare Executives. (2018). ACHE healthcare executive competencies assessment tool. Retrieved from https://www.ache.org/pdf/nonsecure/careers/compete…
Provide a short statement about how you practice one competency within each of the five ACHE domains. Consider including a table such as the following within your outline. Note: You have been provided with one example of how you might complete this for one competency within one domain. You will need to complete the entire table—one competency within each of the five domains.
ACHE Domain

ACHE Competency Selected

How This Competency Relates to the Capstone Health Care Problem Analysis Proposal

Communication and Relationship Management

Leadership

Professionalism

Knowledge of the Healthcare Environment

Healthcare Systems and Organizations

I chose health care systems and organizations because the capstone project will require me to develop skills in identifying substantive problems that the health care industry needs to address. It will also require me to develop skills in working to resolve a substantive problem within a health care organization.

Business Skills and Knowledge

Reminder: You will condense and use the material from your outline in your final PowerPoint presentation in the fourth course assessment.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
Length: 3 to 10 double-spaced pages. Outline length will vary based on your selected topic.
Font: Use Times New Roman, 12 point font.
APA: Provide a minimum of six APA-formatted citations and references to current, scholarly and/or authoritative sources.
Problem selection criteria: Be sure your selected problem meets all four criteria listed under Preparation.
Writing: Create a clear, well-organized, professional, and generally error-free outline that describes a relevant health care problem.

ORDER NOW FOR AN EXCELLENT PAPER FROM HEALTH CARE PAPER GURUS: BHA FPX 4020 Capella University Health Care Problem Analysis Proposal Paper Assignment

 

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS

Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
LopesWrite Policy

Health Care Problem Analysis Proposal Paper Assignment

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

Description

Write a 4-6 page analysis of a current problem or issue in health care, including a proposed solution and possible ethical implications.

In your health care career you will be confronted with many problems that demand a solution. By using research skills you can learn what others are doing and saying about similar problems. Then you can analyze the problem and the people and systems it affects. You can examine potential solutions and their ramifications. This assessment allows you to practice this approach with a real world problem.

Demonstration of Proficiency

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

  • Competency 1: Apply information literacy and library research skills to obtain scholarly information in the field of health care.
    • Use scholarly information to describe and explain a health care problem or issue and identify possible causes for it.
  • Competency 2: Apply scholarly information through critical thinking to solve problems in the field of health care.
    • Analyze a health care problem or issue by describing the context, explaining why it is important, and identifying populations affected by it.
    • Discuss potential solutions for a health care problem or issue and describe what would be required to implement a solution.
  • Competency 3: Apply ethical principles and academic standards to the study of health care.
    • Analyze the ethical implications if a potential solution to a health care problem or issue was implemented.
  • Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others, and that is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.
    • Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    • Write following APA style for in-text citations, quotes, and references.

Instructions

  1. Describe the health care problem or issue you selected for use in Assessment 2 (from the Assessment Topic Areas | Transcript media piece) and provide details about it.
  2. To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first four steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking. This approach was introduced in the second assessment.
  3. Identify possible causes for the problem or issue.
  4. Use scholarly information to explain the health care problem or issue.
  5. Identify at least three scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles about the topic.
    • You may use articles you found while working on Assessment 2 or you may search the Capella Library for other articles.
    • You may find the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide helpful in your search.
  6. Assess the credibility of the information sources.
  7. Assess the relevance of the information sources.
  8. Analyze the problem or issue.
    1. Describe the setting or context for the problems or issues.
    2. Describe why the problem or issue is important to you.
    3. Identify groups of people affected by the problem or issue.
  9. Discuss potential solutions for the problem or issue.
    1. Compare your opinion with other opinions you find in sources from the Capella Library.
    2. Provide the pros and cons for one of the solutions you are proposing.
  10. Analyze the ethical implications if the potential solution (the one for which you provide pros and cons) were to be implemented.
    1. Discuss the pros and cons of implementing the proposed solution from an ethical principle point of view.
    2. Provide examples from the literature to support the points you are making.
  11. Describe what would be necessary to implement the proposed solution.

Example Assessment: You may use the following to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like:

Additional Requirements
  1. Length: At least 4–6 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page and reference page.
  2. Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
  3. APA Template: Use the APA Style Paper Template [DOCX] as the paper format and the APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOC] for guidance.
  4. Written communication: Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
  5. Using outside sources: Integrate information from outside sources into academic writing by appropriately quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, following APA style.
  6. References: Integrate information from outside sources to include at least three scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles and three in-text citations within the paper.
  7. APA format: Follow current APA guidelines for in-text citations of outside sources in the body of your paper and also on the reference page.

Organize your paper using the following structure and headings:

  • Title page. A separate page.
  • Introduction. A brief one-paragraph statement about the purpose of the paper.
  • Elements of the problem/issue. Identify the elements of the problem or issue or question.
  • Analysis. Analyze, define, and frame the problem or issue.
  • Considering options. Consider solutions, responses, or answers.
  • Solution. Choose a solution, response, or answer.
  • Ethical implications. Ethical implications of implementing the solution.
  • Implementation. Implementation of the potential solution.
  • Conclusion. One paragraph.

unning head: ANALYZE A CURRENT HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR ISSUE Analyze a Current Health Care Problem or Issue Learner’s Name Capella University Developing a Health Care Perspective Analyze a Current Health Care Problem or Issue March, 2018 Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. 1 ANALYZE A CURRENT HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR ISSUE 2 Analyze a Current Health Care Problem or Issue Patient safety, as discussed in the previous assessment, is an important element of quality health care. This assessment will expand upon patient safety issues that occur when patients are exposed to inadvertent harm or injury while receiving medical care. Health care organizations should maintain and develop a safety culture to prevent patient safety issues. Patient safety culture is defined as a system that promotes safety by shared organizational values of what is important and beliefs about how things work. It also encompasses how these values and beliefs interact with the work unit, organizational structures, and systems to produce behavioral norms (Ulrich & Kear, 2014). As such, care should be taken to improve the infrastructure of health care organizations. Improving patient safety should be discussed and addressed by every individual associated with public health care. Elements of the Problem/Issue Research shows that while getting treated at health care organizations, patients might be at risk of experiencing the harm or injuries associated with medical care. The most likely causes of patient safety issues are preventable adverse events, which are adverse events attributable to error. These errors can be classified as diagnostic errors, contextual errors, and communication errors (Ulrich & Kear, 2014). Diagnostic errors take place when health care professionals provide a wrong or delayed diagnosis or no diagnosis at all (James, 2013). An example of a wrong diagnosis is a health care professional diagnosing a patient with gastric troubles when the patient is actually experiencing a heart attack. An example of a delayed diagnosis is a patient not being notified of an abnormal chest X-ray, thereby delaying diagnosis of a serious medical condition. An example of a missed diagnosis is a patient not being diagnosed with heart failure despite warning symptoms. Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. ANALYZE A CURRENT HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR ISSUE 3 Contextual errors occur when health care professionals fail to consider their patients’ personal or psychological limitations while planning appropriate care for them. An example is a health care professional’s failure to recognize that basic follow-up discharge instructions may not be understood by patients with cognitive disabilities (James, 2013). It is important for health care professionals to be aware of their patients’ mental and physical abilities before they formulate a plan of care. Communication errors occur when there is miscommunication or lack of communication between health care professionals and patients (James, 2013). They can cause severe harm to Comment [A1]: You provided a clear explanation regarding the problem investigated. The possible causes were explored. patients. An example of this is a nurse failing to tell a surgeon that a patient experienced abdominal pain and had a drop in red blood cell count after an operation, resulting in the death of the patient due to severe internal bleeding. Limited health care knowledge; language barriers; and auditory, visual, and speech disabilities could also lead to communication errors and cause safety issues. Analysis As a medical transcriptionist, it is important for me to be aware of potential transcription errors and privacy standards, which affect patient safety. Errors like these pose dangerous risks; therefore, it is necessary to have an overall quality evaluation of the transcribed documents. Also, I must ensure that serious difficulties in transcription resulting from poor-quality voice files are reported immediately to the manager, who will then convey this to the health care professionals involved in the process. This will help ensure that patient safety is not compromised. Context for Patient Safety Issues Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Comment [A2]: Which error classification describes these errors? Add this information to add continuity. ANALYZE A CURRENT HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR ISSUE 4 With the advancement of medical technology, health care processes have become extremely complex. Health care professionals are required to stay up-to-date with a lot of new knowledge and innovations obtained from research. This often overburdens them as there is a need to apply the learning from research in their practice. Also, at the individual level, there is a dearth of wellbalanced continuing education programs, which has resulted in a lack of attention to patient safety among health care professionals. At the system level, organizations fail to deliver optimum health care as a result of being understaffed, an inability to provide appropriate technology, and ineffective execution of patient care transfer (James, 2013). Overcrowding and understaffing delays initiation of treatment and puts critically ill patients at significant risk. All of these factors contribute to a rise in patient safety issues. Comment [A3]: You effectively indicated which causes were the most likely to create safety issues. Populations Affected by Patient Safety Issues Patients with a psychiatric history are also a vulnerable group of people who face patient safety issues because their psychiatric records are often combined with their current symptoms. Patients with a documented history of psychiatric illness may avoid seeking health care services as they feel that their care will be based on their past record of illnesses and not their present needs. Therefore, psychotherapists should implement measures such that their psychiatric data is concealed from their medical records before it is shared with the third party, which helps protect patients’ confidentiality (Shenoy & Appel, 2017). Considering Options Patient safety in hospitals can be achieved by creating a culture of safety that involves effective communication, correct managerial leadership styles, and the use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs). Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Comment [A4]: This section was very informative about special populations, but it would be of value to also include the general populations discussed earlier in this paper (such as public health patients and hospital patients). ANALYZE A CURRENT HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR ISSUE 5 Effective communication while passing patient-specific information from one health care professional to another is essential in ensuring continuous and safe patient care. Training the team could likely improve consistent successful communication and help prevent errors. Standardizing critical content that needs to be communicated by the initial health care professional ensures safe transfer of care (Farmer, 2016). It is essential for leadership teams to adopt organizational strategies that would improve patient safety and transform their organizations into reliable systems for enhanced patient satisfaction. They should set strategic safety goals, which could include adhering to standards of health, assessing quality, using patient satisfaction reviews, and analyzing adverse event reports to determine improvement in safety issues (Parand, Dopson, Renz, & Vincent, 2014). An EHR is another potential solution to prevent patient safety issues. It is a digital record of a patient’s medical information that includes history, physical examination, investigations, and treatment (Ozair, Jamshed, Sharma, & Aggarwal, 2015). It helps manage multiple processes in the complex health care system and prevents errors. EHRs utilize less storage space compared to paper documentation and allow an infinite number of records to be stored. In addition to being cost-effective and preventing a loss of records, EHRs help conduct research activities and provide quick data transfer (Ozair et al., 2015). Solution In health care, because transmission of information takes place among different people and electronic devices, there is a high likelihood of errors occurring. For example, transcription errors (which occur due to poor audio quality or the lack of a quality evaluation process) can be prevented by using recording equipment with good sound quality and by maintaining proofreading and quality checks. However, integrating transcription processes with the EHR Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. ANALYZE A CURRENT HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR ISSUE 6 system helps prevent errors, helps access the required information faster, and allows health care professionals to take accurate decisions about patients’ care. Implementation An EHR is an important mechanism for improving patient safety. Its advancement has made it a viable option to prevent medical errors. However, the use of EHRs has certain ethical implications such as security violation, data inaccuracies, lack of privacy and confidentiality, and challenges during system implementation. Security violation takes place when patients’ confidential health information is accessible to others without their permission. To avoid security violation, data should not only be password protected but also encrypted to restrict access to unauthorized individuals. Firewalls and antivirus software should be used to protect data (Ozair et al., 2015). Though EHRs improve patient safety by reducing medical errors, data inaccuracies are increasing. Loss of data during data transfer leads to inaccuracies that affect decision-making related to patient care. A problem of concern related to data inaccuracy is medical identity theft, which leads to incorrect information being filed into a person’s medical record, which in turn leads to insurance fraud and wrong billing (Ozair et al., 2015). In health care, information that is shared during physician–patient interactions should be kept confidential and should be made inaccessible to unauthorized individuals. Enabling rolebased access controls based on user credentials will restrict access to the EHR system to authorized users. The user should also be made aware that he or she is responsible for any information that he or she misuses (Ozair et al., 2015). As EHR is a complex software, there is a high likelihood that software failure may result in inaccurate recordings of patients’ data. Therefore, EHR system implementation may have Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. ANALYZE A CURRENT HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR ISSUE 7 ethical implications due to the violation of data integrity (Ozair et al., 2015). EHRs can safeguard patient confidentiality by using various methods that prevent security breaches. In addition to this, creating reminders that ask for a confirmation before accessing confidential information can help protect data. A nesting system could be developed, which would allow, for example, a health care professional from a specific specialty clinic to access patient records by signing into the specialty domain (Shenoy & Appel, 2017). These methods will enable the safe and efficient use of EHRs and ensure patient safety. Conclusion Patient safety involves preventing the risk of harm or injuries to patients by establishing a safety culture and providing high-quality medical care. Health care organizations must understand patient safety issues and find solutions for these issues by designing systems that prevent errors from occurring. Potential solutions include effective communication, changes in leadership style, and the use of EHRs. The ethical implications of these solutions should be considered before implementing them in a health care setting. It is also important that health care professionals undergo continuous education and effective training, provide appropriate medical care, prevent errors, and follow safety practices to improve clinical outcomes. Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Comment [A5]: The concluding paragraph summarizes the analysis and solutions offered in this paper. ANALYZE A CURRENT HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR ISSUE 8 References Farmer, B. M. (2016). Patient safety in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine, 48(9), 396–404. Retrieved from https://mdedge.com/emedjournal/article/113659/trauma/patient-safety-emergency-department James, J. T. (2013, September). A new, evidence-based estimate of patient harms associated with hospital care. Journal of Patient Safety, 9(3), 122–128. Retrieved from https://journals.lww.com/journalpatientsafety/Fulltext/2013/09000/A_New,_Evidence_ba sed_Estimate_of_Patient_Harms.2.aspx Ozair, F. F., Jamshed, N., Sharma, A., & Aggarwal, P. (2015). Ethical issues in electronic health records: A general overview. Perspectives in Clinical Research, 6(2), 73–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2229-3485.153997 Parand, A., Dopson, S., Renz, A., & Vincent, C. (2014). The role of hospital managers in quality and patient safety: A systematic review. BMJ Open, 4(9). http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005055 Shenoy, A., & Appel, J. M. (2017, April). Safeguarding confidentiality in electronic health records. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 26(2), 337–341. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.library.capella.edu/docview/1882434628?pqorigsite=summon&https://library.capella.edu/login?url=accountid=27965 Ulrich, B., & Kear, T. (2014). Patient safety and patient safety culture: Foundations of excellent health care delivery. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 41(5), 447–456, 505. Retrieved from https://search-proquestcom.library.capella.edu/docview/1617932572/fulltextPDF/1486CC30B3624B3CPQ/1?ac countid=27965 Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Comment [A6]: You provided a wellresearched paper. Your paper is enhanced by the use of recently published academic peer review journal articles.
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