CRMJ 410 Week 7 Chapter Problems

CRMJ 410 Week 7 Chapter Problems

Page 596-597, Text: Questions for Thought and Discussion: Questions 1, 5, and 7

1. Jurors are generally selected from among those citizens who have registered to vote or who have registered motor vehicles. Do these methods produce juries drawn from a “representative cross-section of the community”? Can you suggest a better way of selecting jurors?

5. Many rules of evidence applied in jury trials are derived from the early common law, when jurors were largely uneducated. These rules were designed to prevent jurors from hearing evidence that might prejudice their judgment in the case. Given the educational standards in the United States, should these rules be made less restrictive regarding evidence that can be presented in courts? What constitutional problems would arise by allowing hearsay evidence to be presented against a defendant?

7. Do you think a trial judge should be allowed to summarize the evidence for the jury’s benefit before the jurors retire to deliberate? What advantages and disadvantages can you see in such a practice? Would it be constitutional?

Page 643-644, Text: Questions for Thought and Discussion: Questions 2, 6, and 10

 

2. How could a prisoner on death row establish that his or her death sentence was the result of racial discrimination?

6. Suppose you were a probation officer and a judge asked you to recommend probation conditions for a first-time offender convicted of the sale and possession of cocaine. What specific conditions would you propose?

10. What is the rationale for granting only minimal due process rights to parolees and probationers and to prisoners in disciplinary proceedings?

Page 673, Text: Questions for Thought and Discussion: Questions 3, 8, and 10

 

3. What new or revised procedures would expedite the resolution of criminal appeals? Would such procedures detract from the fair and deliberative review essential to determine whether the decision of the trial court in a criminal case was arrived at fairly I would expedite the following assignments of error on direct appeal are claims that the trial court erred in rulings in one or more of the following areas and accurately?

8. After studying briefs submitted by counsel and hearing oral arguments in a proceeding open to the public, appellate judges retire to privately discuss and decide the merits of criminal appeals. Should these deliberations be open to the public? Why or why not?

10. Do you think the ability of a convicted defendant to secure DNA testing rises to an issue of due process of law? Should there be a statute of limitations on a defendant raising the issue? Does Congress have a role to play in providing a standardized process throughout the country? Should the process be governed by federal statute, or should state legislatures and courts be left free to develop their own procedures?